Policies and procedures are not enough to improve safety. All employees need workplace safety training. There are different ways to train employees such as onsite, by video, or in meetings. The circumstances will determine which method will be the most effective. Any effective workplace safety program outlines clear expectations for employee training.
Reasons for Training
Safety training is a legal requirement. It does, however, prevent accidents and injuries in the workplace.
There are a number of other reasons to train employees:
Reduces absenteeism and insurance premiums
Decreases the risk of violating OSHA regulations
Increases morale and productivity
There are two types of employee training: on the job (OJT) training and off the job training. Both types of training can be part of a workplace safety program. On the job training can focus on safety when trainers illustrate techniques that prevent injury. Off the job training typically includes seminars, lectures, meetings, and case studies, which can easily promote safety and occurs off the normal job site.
New employees typically go through training and orientation, at least they should. Orientation allows employees to become familiar with the company. It includes information about the chain of command compensation, policies, safety, benefits, and unions. During orientation, safety rules and regulations should be explained carefully. Most companies have new hires sign that they have read and understand the safety policies and procedures.
On the Job Training
On the job training is the oldest training method, and it is still primarily used to train employees who are not in management. Trainers either work exclusively at training employees, or they are experienced employees who are qualified to teach new hires.
Steps for Training:
Show how to safely perform a task.
Review the steps.
Show the student again.
Allow employee to perform part of the task.
Help the employee perform the task.
Watching the employee perform the task.
Allow the employee to work alone.
Safety meetings are meetings that all employees attend. The purpose of the meetings is to remind people about safety regulations, and introduce changes to regulations, equipment, or procedures. Meetings need to occur regularly, and the topics should cover recent safety problems and safety goals. Each organization will need to adapt safety meetings to fit its needs, but there is a general outline.
Reports and analysis
Planning and Conducting a Training Session
Training sessions take time to prepare. It is just as important to try to make any mandatory training sessions engaging, as it is to make them informative. Every teacher needs a lesson plan, and the same is true of safety training. Trainers need to consider their audience and bring the appropriate materials (such as videos) with them.
Lesson Plan Outline:
How it relates to the company
Questions and answers
Before you conduct a training session, prepare the room. Make sure there are enough seats and the lighting and temperature are comfortable. It is also important to make sure that you have all necessary equipment and enough paperwork for the participants.
More About Safety in The Workplace
Managers Role in Workplace Safety
Stress Management in the Workplace
Identifying your Company Hazards
Drug and Alcohol Abuse in the Workplace
Writing the Safety in the Workplace Plan
Implement the Safety in the Workplace Plan