Cape Town is South Africa’s second-most populous urban area and the tenth most populous city in Africa. It is one of the most multicultural cities in the world and is a major destination for immigrants and expatriates to South Africa. Even though Cape Town faces challenges like drug-related crime and gang violence, in recent times the economy of Cape Town has surged to unprecedented levels due to the boom in the tourism and real estate industries. Cape Town is also has the highest rate of equality in South Africa. Cape Town’s Central Business District is under an extensive urban renewal program, with numerous new buildings and renovations taking place. Cape Town was recently named as the most entrepreneurial city in South Africa, with the percentage of Capetonians pursuing business opportunities almost three times higher than the national average.
Cape Town is famous for its harbor, for its natural beauty, and landmarks such as Table Mountain and Cape Point. Another attraction is Robben Island, which was declared a World Heritage site in 1999. Robben Island stands 30m above sea level and is located in Table Bay, 6km west of Bloubergstrand.Historically the Island was used as a prison, leper colony, a post office, a grazing ground, a mental hospital, and an outpost. The island can be visited by tourists via the Robben Island Museum boat service which departs from the Nelson Mandela Gateway at the V&A Waterfront.
Cape Town is divided into several commonly known groupings of suburbs, many of which developed historically together and share common attributes and language and culture. The City Bowl includes the central business district of Cape Town and the harbor. The Atlantic Seaboard lies west of Cape Town and Table Mountain and is characterised by its beaches, cliffs, promenade and hillside communities. The West Coast suburbs lie along the beach to the north of the Cape Town city center. Cape Town’s southern suburbs region lies on the southern slopes of Table Mountain, southeast of the city center. The Tygerberg hospital lies in the Northern Suburbs which includes cities like Bellville, Durbanville, Goodwood and Parow. The South Peninsula region includes the area south of Muizenberg on False Bay and Noordhoek on the Atlantic Ocean, all the way to Cape Point. The Eastern suburbs region lies southeast of the Northern Suburbs, beyond the airport. The Cape Flats is an expansive, low-lying area situated to the southeast of the Cape Town CBD. The Helderberg region consists of Somerset West, Strand and Gordon’s Bay and gets its name from the imposing Helderberg Mountain.