Every worker needs to be motivated in order for projects to be successful. While the workers must take some responsibility in motivating themselves, management can help motivate and develop individuals. Practicing basic motivational techniques will improve performance as it boosts morale.
Motivation is more than being satisfied. Motivation is what causes workers to go the extra mile and commit to a project or company. Fredrick Herzberg identified the key factors that drive motivation in employees across different fields. Pay and work conditions were tied to satisfaction. Poor pay and work conditions adversely affect productivity, but positive pay and work conditions do little to increase motivation.
- Responsibility: Employees should have a sense of ownership in their work.
- Nature of the work: The nature of the work can help motivate people.
- Recognition: Employee efforts need to be recognized.
- Achievement: People need to feel like they are achieving something worthwhile.
The Motivation Organization
People perform better when they believe in their company. When the values of an organization match the personal values of workers, an organization will be highly motivated. This is why socially responsible companies are able to easily attract talent. They speak to an individual’s internal motivators. Businesses that address internal motivations are more likely to be high performing.
- Personal time
Identifying Personal Motivators
Each person has a different set of motivators. Some people respond better to verbal praise and others need rewards. It is important to motivate employees on a personal level. This is easier to do in small organizations. Large companies will have to rely on each manager to identify personal motivators.
Techniques to Identify Personal Motivators:
- Observation: Observe how individuals respond to different motivators and take notes.
- Communication: Get to know each worker, and identify personal motivators.
- Surveys: Have workers fill out surveys that identify what motivates them.
Evaluating and Adapting
Like everything else, it is essential to evaluate and adapt motivation techniques. This should include the following steps:
- Surveys: Surveys will show the level of engagement and how motivated the workers are.
- Review mission: Compare the mission, policies, and procedures to internal motivators. Are they aligned?
- Development: Examine the number of employees who have advanced within the company.
- Goals: Whether or not company goals are met is an indication of motivation.
Adapt motivation techniques as necessary to improve performance and engage workers.