Abbotsford, Aeroton, Alan Manor, Alexandra, Aspen Hills, Atholl, Benmore Gardens, Bellevue, Berea, Bertrams, Birdhaven, Braamfontein, Bramley, Bruma, Bryanston, Cheltondale, City and Suburban, Crosby, Crown Gardens, Cyrildene, Doornfontein, Edenburg, Elandspark, Elton Hill, Epsom Downs, Fairview, Fairwood, Ferreirasdorp, Fordsburg, Forest Hill, Fourways, Gallo Manor, Gillview, Glenhazel, Greenstone Hill, Gresswold, Highlands North, Houghton Estate, Illovo, Inanda, Kew, Khyber Rock, Killarney, Lone Hill, Magaliessig, Marlboro, Melrose, Morningside, Norscot, Norwood, Oaklands, Orange Grove, Petervale, River Club, Rivonia, Ruiterhof, Sandhurst, Sandown, Sandton, Solridge, Sophiatown, Strydompark, Vrededorp, Waterval Estate, Westbury, Westcliff
Johannesburg is the largest city in South Africa and the provincial capital of Gauteng. It is also the seat of the Constitutional Court. Johannesburg was established in 1886, following the discovery of gold on a farm. The city is situated on the Highveld plateau, and has a subtropical highland climate. Its parks and gardens are maintained by Johannesburg City Parks and Zoo, which is also responsible for planting the city’s many green trees. City Parks continues to invest in planting trees, particularly those previously disadvantaged areas of Johannesburg. The city is also home to the popular recreational park, the Johannesburg Botanical Gardens.
There has been a remarkable development in terms of preserving Johannesburg’s industrial heritage. Industrial buildings have been preserved and given new meanings. The redevelopment of Newtown was inevitable and part of the reason why the City and heritage bodies decided to keep the façades of the old buildings and apportion new meaning to it was because part of the identity of the area was forged in the old buildings. It was known throughout its redevelopment as the Newtown cultural precinct it was therefore important to stage, old renovated buildings as the setting of the new precinct. The old warehouse, industrial buildings that once lay decaying in Newtown are now synonymous with culture and flair.
Johannesburg is one of the world’s leading financial centers and it is the economic and financial hub of South Africa, producing 16% of South Africa’s gross domestic product, and accounts for 40% of Gauteng’s economic activity. Johannesburg is one of Africa’s economic powerhouses. It has more than one central business district, including Sandton, Rosebank and Roodepoort. Johannesburg is the hub of South Africa’s commercial, financial, industrial and mining undertakings. The city produces 16% of the country’s domestic product, and accounts for 40% of Gauteng’s economic activity. Although mining was the foundation of Johannesburg’s economy, its importance is gradually declining with manufacturing industries becoming more significant to the city’s economy. Johannesburg’s manufacturing industries extends across a range of areas including banking, IT, real estate, broadcast and print media. The JSE, situated in the Sandton suburb of Johannesburg, is Africa’s largest stock exchange. The bigger shopping centers in Johannesburg include Sandton City, Eastgate, Mall of Africa, Westgate and Cresta. The most prestigious shopping center in Johannesburg is Melrose Arch. Other shopping centers include The Glen Shopping Centre, Clearwater Mall, Hyde Park Corner and Southgate.
The Greater Johannesburg area, consists of more than five hundred suburbs in an area covering more than two hundred square miles. The suburbs to the west of Johannesburg have in recent years floundered with the decline of the mining industry, but have in some cases experienced some revival. The biggest sprawl lies to the east and north of Johannesburg. The eastern suburbs are relatively prosperous and close to various industrial zones. The northern suburbs have been the recipient of most of the flight from the inner city with the city starting to sprawl northwards and multiple secondary CBDs forming in the north towards Pretoria. Traditionally the northern and northwestern suburbs have the centre for the wealthy in Johannesburg. These suburbs contain high-end retail shops and upper-class residential area such as Hyde Park, Houghton, Sandhurst, Bryanston, Hurlingham and Northcliff.